Treatment for myeloma can sometimes produce side effects. For most patients, treatment side effects are temporary and go away once therapy ends. For other patients, side effects can be more severe, sometimes requiring hospitalization. Some patients never have side effects.
Before you undergo treatment, talk with your doctor team about potential side effects. Drugs and other therapies can prevent or manage many of them. Also, speak with your doctor about long-term and late effects of treatment.
Myeloma can lead to other mild to serious health complications and side effects. Click here to read about these disease complications.
The following side effects are also common to myeloma treatment. Click here to read more about these side effects.
- Upset stomach and vomiting
- Mouth sores
- Extreme fatigue
- Low red cell count (anemia)
- Low white cell count (neutropenia)
- Low platelet count (thrombocytopenia)
- Achy feeling
- Numb feeling in arms, hands, legs or feet
Chemotherapy drugs are the main culprits when it comes to causing side effects. These drugs kill cancer cells, but they can damage normal cells, too. The lining of the mouth, throat, stomach and intestines are particularly vulnerable to damage.
The side effects you may experience depend on:
- The intensity of chemotherapy
- The drugs used during therapy
- Your overall health and whether you have any chronic health conditions like diabetes or kidney disease
Long-Term and Late Effects of Treatment
For some patients, side effects may last well after they finish treatment. To read more about lingering side effects, see The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society’s free information booklets:
- Long-Term and Late Effects of Treatment in Adults
- Long-Term and Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Leukemia and Lymphoma Facts.
- Managing Side Effects
- Integrative Medicine and Complementary and Alternative Therapies
- Download lists of questions to ask your doctor
- Download or order The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society’s free booklet, Understanding Side Effects of Drug Therapy